LASIK

ophthalmologists preparing for LASIK surgery

Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis, or LASIK, is the most common type of refractive surgery. If the curvature of your cornea deviates from the ideal curvature, light entering your eye will bend (refract) incorrectly. This is known as a refractive error and can cause vision problems. For many patients, LASIK safely and successfully corrects the shape of the cornea, often allowing them to dispense with eyeglasses.

Vision Problems That LASIK Improves

There are several types of refractive errors. Myopia, or nearsightedness, typically occurs as the result of having a cornea that curves too sharply. Hyperopia, or farsightedness, often means that the curvature of your cornea is too flat. Unevenly curved corneas lead to astigmatism, which affects both your near and far vision. LASIK can address all these conditions.

About the LASIK Procedure

Before starting the LASIK procedure, your ophthalmologist uses wavefront imaging technology to create a digital image, or map, of your eye’s refractive errors. He or she uses this information to calibrate the excimer laser used to reshape the curvature of the cornea.

The LASIK procedure itself is performed on an outpatient basis and takes about 30 minutes. Your doctor may prescribe anti-anxiety medicine before the surgery starts. You’ll recline in a chair. The ophthalmologist uses eye drops to numb your eyes. Once numb, an instrument holds your eyelids open.

The eye surgeon uses a surgical blade (microkeratome) or, in bladeless LASIK, a femtosecond laser to create a small hinged flap in the front of your eye. This allows him or her to access the underlying corneal tissue. The ophthalmologist then uses the calibrated excimer laser to remove tiny particles of corneal tissue, thereby re-contouring the curvature of the cornea, which corrects the refractive error. Once the surgeon is satisfied with the newly shaped cornea, he or she puts the corneal flap back in its original place, where it will heal, without the need for stitches.

Patients treating both eyes with LASIK can usually have them done during the same appointment. You may have itchy, watery eyes and need pain medication immediately after surgery. You will likely notice a dramatic improvement in your vision within 24 to 48 hours after surgery and can usually resume your normal activities at that point. Over the next couple of months, your eyes will heal completely and your vision will stabilize. You will need to return to the office for follow-up appointments with your eye doctor.

Risks

Some people are better candidates for LASIK than others. For example, individuals with extreme refractive errors, severe dry eye or corneas that are too thin to withstand corneal flap creation may not be suitable candidates for LASIK. If you have heard that you are not an appropriate LASIK candidate, don’t worry. There are several alternative vision correction procedures that can help you reduce or eliminate your daily dependence on prescription lenses.

All surgeries carry risks. The risks associated with LASIK include:

  • Dry eyes. Following LASIK, patients may experience dry eyes; although this is usually temporary.
  • Undercorrection. If too little corneal tissue is removed, the visual outcome may not be ideal.
  • Overcorrection. Likewise, if too much corneal tissue is removed, the visual results may not be ideal. Overcorrection is more difficult to correct than undercorrection.
  • Regression. Sometimes, patients’ vision slowly returns to how it was before surgery.
  • Halos. For some, undergoing LASIK affects their night vision, causing glare and halos around lights.
  • Astigmatism. Uneven removal of corneal tissue may cause astigmatism.
  • Flap Issues. Rarely, problems with the corneal flap occur, potentially causing infection or inflammation in the eye. One way to reduce this surgical risk is to choose bladeless, or all-laser, LASIK. Using a laser instead of a microkeratome for corneal flap creation eliminates all risks associated with manual corneal flap creation.

If you’re considering LASIK, call us today so we can help determine if it’s right for you.

Exclusive Offer

Free Pair of Single Vision glasses with purchase of complete pair of glasses!

Hours of Operation

Our Regular Schedule

Monday:

Please Call

Tuesday:

Please Call

Wednesday:

Please Call

Thursday:

Please Call

Friday:

Please Call

Saturday:

Please Call

Sunday:

Closed

Location

Find us on the map

Testimonials

Reviews From Our Satisfied Patients

  • "TSO Bishop Arts is the best at what they do and make you feel right at home."
    Brian N.
  • "Doctors and staff are courteous and very professional. I wholeheartedly recommend TSO Bishop Arts!"
    Rebecca M.

Featured Articles

Helpful and Informative Resources

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    One of the leading causes of vision loss in people who are age 50 or older is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This common eye condition leads to damage of a small spot near the center of the retina called the macula. The macula provides us with the ability to clearly see objects that are straight ...

    Read More
  • Diabetic Eye Diseases

    Diabetes is a condition that involves high blood sugar (glucose) levels. This can affect many parts of the body, including the eyes. One of the most common diabetic eye diseases is diabetic retinopathy, which is also a leading cause of blindness in American adults. Diabetic Retinopathy Diabetic retinopathy ...

    Read More
  • Presbyopia

    Somewhere around the age of 40, most people’s eyes lose the ability to focus on close-up objects. This condition is called presbyopia. You may start holding reading material farther away, because it is blurry up close. Reading suddenly gives you eyestrain. You might wonder when manufacturers started ...

    Read More
  • Laser Cataract Surgery

    The only way to correct the clouded vision caused by advanced cataracts is surgical intervention. If you find yourself pursuing cataract surgery to remove one or both cataract-disease lenses, you may be wondering what surgical approaches are available for treatment. Although eye surgeons have successfully ...

    Read More
  • Cataract Surgery

    With cataract surgery, your ophthalmologist removes the cataract-diseased lens of your eye. The ophthalmologist then replaces your natural lens with an artificial one. The Procedure This outpatient procedure is generally safe and takes less than an hour. Your ophthalmologist will dilate your pupil ...

    Read More
  • Fuchs' Corneal Dystrophy

    Fuchs' dystrophy (pronounced fooks DIS-truh-fee) is an eye disease characterized by degenerative changes to the cornea’s innermost layer of cells. The cause for Fuchs' dystrophy is not fully understood. If your mother or father has the disease, then there is roughly a 50 percent chance that you will ...

    Read More
  • Peripheral Vision Loss

    Normal sight includes central vision (the field of view straight ahead) and peripheral vision (the field of view outside the circle of central vision). The inability to see within a normal range of view often indicates peripheral vision loss. In severe cases of peripheral vision loss, individuals only ...

    Read More
  • Presbyopia

    As we age, our eyes—like the rest of our bodies—begin to lose flexibility and strength. When this happens to the lens of the eye and its surrounding muscles, your lens will become stiff. This makes it harder to see close objects clearly because the eyes can't focus properly. It's a natural part of ...

    Read More
  • Patches

    Eye patches are used to strengthen muscle control in weak eyes. By placing a patch over the strong eye, the weaker eye is forced to do the heavy lifting. While it may be uncomfortable for the patient at first, the muscle controlling the weaker eye will become tougher and more resilient. This will allow ...

    Read More
  • Learning Disabilities and Vision Therapy

    Does your child struggle in school due to learning disabilities? Vision therapy may make learning easier. ...

    Read More

Newsletter Signup

Sign Up to Receive More Articles